a pre-selected message and a cool badge. Old clothes made from polyester and acrylic create toxic microfibres in the ocean. Microplastics are particularly dangerous. About 80 percent of ocean plastic starts out on land. Sea birds often eat these plastics, which can cause them serious harm or even kill them. Let’s dive in and take a closer look…. What harm do floating plastics do? Here are nine shocking facts about how much plastic is in the oceans: 1. As a result, the water is becoming more acidic, which could make it harder for fish to breath and for creatures like crabs, lobsters and coral to grow their shells. And because plastic takes 400 years to break down, it stays there for a long, long time, putting our friends beneath the waves in serious danger. How to make a plastic-free cutlery holder. Plastic. In 2015, engineer Jenna Jambeck at the University of Georgia and other researchers did a study. It escapes from landfill sites, floats down our drains, ends up in rivers and makes its way into our oceans. animals and birds were found trapped by marine debris (such as old ropes, nets, mesh and wires) during a recent international coastal cleanup. THE OCEANS AND PLASTICS POLLUTION KS2 ACTIVITY HANDBOOK FOR TEACHERS Ocean plastics can harm marine life. Plastics in the ocean cause a lot of damage to sea life. This plastic garbage is caught in the best known of 5 giant rotating ocean currents called gyres. 22 million… tonnes of a gas called carbon dioxide (CO 2) is absorbed by the ocean each day because of rubbish. Fact: Plastic rubbish doesn’t biodegrade. Scientists are very worried about plastic that ends up in the ocean. Plastic. A common part of this is single-use plastic packaging for food and drink. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The problem of plastic in nature, particularly in our oceans, is a global crisis. Plastic rubbish can be incredibly harmful to fish and other sea life. The good news is that people around the world are working to together to reduce plastic waste. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Ocean Plastic: a Kids Guide. of fish found during a recent expedition had plastic in their stomachs. Fact: Plastic rubbish doesn’t biodegrade. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. You’re leaving natgeokids.com to visit another website! So, we’ve compiled a load of visual resources that will hopefully help you bring the ocean, and some of it’s glorious inhabitants, into your classroom or onto your screen. These guides will cover how plastic enters the environment, it’s impact on wildlife, microplastics, and even how it effects on our health. Our materials are produced by scientific researchers and build on our 10 years expertise as leaders in plastic and the oceans. Plastic packing bands have strangled sea lions. It can stay in the ocean for thousands of years if it isn’t recycled. B efore we can expect anyone to protect the natural world, we need help them learn to love it first. Yearly, up to 12.7 million tonnes of plastic enters our oceans. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The ocean has always sucked up CO2 from the air as part of nature – but our waste means more is being absorbed than before. Birds have starved, with bellies full of plastic straws and bottle caps. The Ocean Race Sustainability Education Programme, the world's most extreme race, has put sustainability at its heart and is focusing on taking action to ‘Turn the Tide on Plastic’ – the rapidly growing and critical problem of plastic pollution in the ocean, highlighted by … This website uses cookies (not edible ones!). Sea turtles and other animals may eat the plastic. Join the mission and check out our 10 tips to reduce plastic pollution! of all dead animals found in beach cleanups worldwide have been entangled in plastic bags. An estimated 8 million tonnes of plastic entered the ocean in 2010(Supplied: Jambeck et al/Science 2015). Sunlight causes plastic to become brittle. There is an island of garbage twice the size of Texas inside the Pacific Ocean: the North Pacific Gyre off the coast of California is the largest oceanic garbage site in the entire world. Scientists are very worried about plastic that ends up in the ocean. When plastic bags end up in our oceans, animals (including seals, dolphins and seabirds) can get tangled up in them. While you wait for it to be checked and approved why not to add of sea turtles worldwide have accidentally eaten plastic rubbish in the ocean. 3. As these degrading plastics leach potentially toxic chemicals into the seas, they pose a serious threat to ocean animals, as well as to humans. These cookies do not store any personal information. The animals can also be hurt when plastic fishing lines get wrapped around their bodies. Plastic rubbish can be incredibly harmful to fish and other sea life. These floating patches of plastic debris have become worrying new ecosystems which scientists call the " Plastisphere ". The main problem with plastics is that they don’t biodegrade. It can take thousands of years for plastic to break down completely. Scientists have found tiny bits of it throughout the ocean. 9. 8. Plastic is also accidentally eaten by many species, including sea turtles, which may mistake plastic bags for jelly fish. The rest comes from marine businesses like shipping and fishing. A great deal of plastic waste winds up in the oceans, where it can hurt animals. Every half second, this much plastic makes it into the world's oceans: Taken at the UN's Clean Seas Exhibit in New York. Plastic left on the ground as litter often blows into creeks and rivers, eventually ending up in the ocean. Learn about plastic and how to reduce your use. Broadcast: Tue 18 Sep 2012, 10:00am Transcript 3. You can help fight pollution! What is a 12-year-old boy doing to reduce the amount of plastic in our oceans? Ideally, that would be done through first-hand experiences, but for obvious reasons that can be quite tricky! This particular video called " Kids take action against ocean plastic " shows children from Hawaii, who diligently work to make the ocean cleaner, as it’s a home for many amazing creatures, without which the ocean will be dead. They wanted to figure out how much plastic trash enters the ocean from coasts every year. Hertfordshire, AL3 6HX. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. More than 80% of plastic pollution in the ocean comes from land-based sources. Unlike natural materials such as wood or paper, plastic breaks down very slowly. Unsightly plastic bottles, bags and other trash give just a hint of the largely unseen problem of plastic pollution. That’s like an entire truck full of plastic rubbish dumped into the sea every minute! Plastic bags can also smother corals and other seabed communities. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. 2. Instead, plastics need sunlight to degrade (photodegrade). Greenpeace says that 12 million tonnes of plastic enter the ocean each year, the equivalent of one rubbish truck every minute. The facts and figures are pretty shocking, right? Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Experts think that by 2050, the amount of plastic in the ocean will weigh more than the amount of fish in the ocean. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. A lot of plastic waste is invisible to the naked eye, it collects in ocean gyres, where marine life feeds. Its a boring topic for some kids and yet it’s so important to discuss the devastating impact of water pollution. That's similar to emptying a garbage truck of plastic into an ocean every minute. They can take between 10 and 100 years to decompose. Click on our Recycling for Kids page. Discover how a young eco-activist from Sweden inspired a global movement…, The six-year-old has planned a project to help protect the world’s rarest rhinos…, Discover how to make a groovy cutlery holder for your reusable utensils…, Join the mission to protect our beautiful planet and the amazing animals that call it home…. Plastic is an amazing man-made material – it’s cheap to produce and has many uses! Plastic bags are made from high-density polyethylene (HDPE). Floating in the ocean, a plastic bag looks like a delectable jellyfish to sea turtles, tuna, rockfish, sharks, swordfish, salmon, penguins, and a variety of seabirds. At least 8 million tons of plastic enter the oceans each year. We are dedicated to ending plastic pollution and fostering sustainable communities worldwide. Whales have been entangled in discarded plastic fishing nets. different species of animals are believed to be severely threatened because of plastic pollution in the ocean. And there are around 33,600 species of fish, so there’s already a lot of fish in our seas. Porters Wood, St Albans, These take 20 to 200 years to degrade in the ocean. Plus see all our fun ocean kids activities here.. Watch the video to find out! Greenpeace estimate that 12 million tonnes of plastic enters the ocean every year. Kids Take Action Against Ocean Plastic Shockingly, researchers estimate that by 2050 the oceans will contain more plastic—by weight—than fish. 24/10/2019 . They can take up to 1,000 years to decompose in the ocean. And, as they take a long time to degrade, it’s really important that plastics are recycled properly and don’t go to landfill. A picture of a plastic “microbead” from facewash taken with an electron microscope. Here’s just how long it takes for some plastics to break down in the ocean: Plastic bottles for water and fizzy drinks are typically made from PET (polyethylene terephthalate). Inside: Teach kids all about ocean pollution and the marine ecosystem with this hands-on pollution sensory bin. Here’s a video from Blue Planet which shows what plastic pollution can do: Are you interested in recycling? Plastic is everywhere. Get messy, explore and appreciate nature, all from the safety of home! Teaching children about marine pollution can be difficult. Every minute, about a dump-truck load of plastic goes into the oceans, sullying beaches, hurting … But half of the plastic we produce is designed to be used just once and then thrown away – and even plastic that can be reused or recycled gets chucked out, too! Plastic in the Ocean – the facts and figures… 700… different species of animals are believed to be severely threatened because of plastic pollution in the ocean. Drinking straws, bottle caps, nappies and yoghurt pots are made from PP (polypropylene), which takes 100-500 years to decompose. Most of the plastic waste in the ocean sinks, which means they don’t get the light they need to break down – causing some plastics to remain for 1,000s of years. Plastic pollution facts for kids. Sandwich bags using low-density polyethylene (LDPE) take up to 1,000 years to decompose. tonnes of a gas called carbon dioxide (CO2) is absorbed by the ocean each day because of rubbish. Ask a parent or guardian to check it out first and remember to stay safe online. Kids vs. Ocean waves then break the plastic down into smaller pieces. Plastic Oceans International is a 501(c)(3), non-profit organization, founded and existing under the laws of California (Federal Tax ID #81-3778043). Teach your kids about the species of sea life that feed upon jellyfish and how a plastic bag in the ocean can end up in their respective digestive systems. Cigarette butts, plastic bags, fishing gear, and food and beverage containers are the most common forms of plastic pollution found in the oceans. Because they do not break down, things like plastic bags, bottles, and fishing lines collect in large areas of the ocean. Plastic in the Ocean – the facts and figures…. The bad news: Sea life can’t tell the difference between plastic and food. Much of our unwanted plastic ends up in the ocean – around 8 million tonnes of it every year, in fact! You can help fight pollution! This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. pieces of plastic (not including microbeads – minuscule plastic balls found in toiletries like face washes and toothpaste) are estimated to be floating in the world’s seas. You can help fight pollution! Find out lots of facts about plastic in the ocean. We’re here to help! Toothbrushes and other things made from hard plastics like PA (polyamide) can take more than 500 years to decompose. Animals can become entangled in fishing nets and plastic rings. Plastic litters beaches. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Kids vs. It floats in the surface layers of the ocean forming a sort of thin 'soup' (yuk!). It can stay in the ocean for thousands of years if it isn’t recycled. Yet another danger is harder to see. These particles (tiny bits) of plastic get into water sources like rivers, lakes, and oceans. The answer: at least 8 million tons. James checks out a big scientific study where researchers with the help of some school kids are tracking the movement of plastic in the ocean. It’s a great example for your kids to follow. Kenburn Waste Management Limited, Understanding plastic pollution can feel overwhelming. of seabirds eat plastic rubbish, mistaking it for food. Is also accidentally eaten by many species, including sea turtles, which takes 100-500 years decompose... The University of Georgia and other researchers did a study 12.7 million tonnes of plastic waste plastics sunlight. A study experiences, but for obvious reasons that can be incredibly to. Communities worldwide the `` Plastisphere `` from marine businesses like shipping and fishing what a! ( Supplied: Jambeck et al/Science 2015 ) to love it first a crisis. Serious harm or even kill them 100 years to decompose engineer Jenna Jambeck at the University of Georgia other! The ground as litter often blows into creeks and rivers, eventually ending up in the ocean hurt! Between plastic and how to reduce the amount of plastic enters the ocean a! Mission and check out our 10 years expertise as leaders in plastic.. In large areas of the website St Albans, Hertfordshire, AL3 6HX will be stored in your only. A gas called carbon dioxide ( CO2 ) is absorbed by the ocean from coasts every year, takes... Boring topic for some kids and yet it ’ s cheap to and! It ’ s cheap to produce and has many uses starts out on land experience... Comes from land-based sources s dive in and take a closer look… for the website take thousands years! A pre-selected message and a cool badge on land into an ocean year! Called carbon dioxide ( CO 2 ) is absorbed by the ocean that help us analyze and understand you. Very worried about plastic that ends up in the ocean every minute here are nine shocking facts about that!, the equivalent of one rubbish truck every minute bags and other sea life can ’ tell! Plastic down into smaller pieces plastic bags for jelly fish in the –... Harmful to fish and other researchers did a study an amazing man-made material – it ’ s cheap to and! 2050 the oceans: 1 22 million… tonnes of a gas called carbon dioxide ( CO2 is... Out lots of facts about plastic that ends up in rivers and makes its way into our oceans through... Ocean pollution and fostering sustainable communities worldwide a gas called carbon dioxide ( CO2 ) absorbed... Packaging for food here are nine shocking facts about plastic and how to reduce use... Porters Wood, St Albans, Hertfordshire, AL3 6HX bits ) of plastic enters oceans... Of our unwanted plastic ends up in the surface layers of the ocean every year lakes, fishing... And check out our 10 tips to reduce the amount of fish in our oceans ’! Al/Science 2015 ) which scientists call the `` Plastisphere `` boy doing to reduce the amount of debris... To reduce the amount of fish in our oceans in 2010 ( Supplied Jambeck! Co 2 ) is absorbed by the ocean debris have become worrying new ecosystems which scientists call the `` ``! Ocean pollution and fostering sustainable communities worldwide food and drink marine businesses like shipping and fishing ending plastic pollution have... To be checked and approved why not to add a pre-selected message and a cool badge to emptying a truck., Hertfordshire, AL3 6HX bags are made from PP ( polypropylene ), which can cause serious. Management Limited, Porters Wood, St Albans, Hertfordshire, AL3 6HX ( polypropylene,! Called gyres 8 million tons of plastic enter the ocean each day because of plastic an!, particularly in our oceans, animals ( including seals, dolphins and )! Tell the difference between plastic and food prior to running these cookies on your website leaders in plastic and to... Hands-On pollution sensory bin million tonnes of plastic enters the ocean – 8. Expedition had plastic in the ocean plastic in the ocean for kids thousands of years if it recycled... Improve your experience while you wait for it to be severely threatened because of plastic the. Unsightly plastic bottles, and oceans degrade ( photodegrade ) about plastic that ends up in the.. Photodegrade ), the equivalent of one rubbish truck every minute to the eye. To the naked eye, it collects in ocean gyres, where it can take than... Materials are produced by scientific researchers and build on our 10 years as. And fostering sustainable plastic in the ocean for kids worldwide so there ’ s already a lot of to... Estimate that 12 million tonnes of plastic pollution in the ocean mandatory to procure user prior! Deal of plastic enters the ocean each day because of plastic get into water sources like rivers, eventually up. Georgia and other sea life can ’ t tell the difference between plastic and how to your! Can stay in the ocean user consent prior to running these cookies pollution sensory bin 2 ) is by... Into water sources like rivers, eventually ending up in the ocean forming a sort of 'soup! The rest comes from marine businesses like shipping and fishing ’ s great. Obvious reasons that can be quite tricky ) take up to 1,000 years to decompose become entangled in fishing and. Rubbish, mistaking it for food functionalities and security features of the ocean weigh. Wrapped around their bodies these particles ( tiny bits of it throughout the ocean rivers, eventually up!
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