Luckily, the comma rules to help you decide are super easy to learn, use, and remember. For a full explanation of the serial comma and why I advocate its use, please read the article devoted to itelsewhere on this site. You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. Use a comma after 'hello,' 'hi,' and terms like 'good morning' at the start of an email or letter. Well done indeed! The sentence could read, "Well done!" It depends on how you want your readers to read your sentence. Yes, a comma should be inserted before a non-essential element (like the name). Yes, a comma should be inserted before a non-essential element (like the name). This answer is not useful. For example, you might say: Hopefully, I did well on that test. Example: When I was younger, I had a cat named Whiskers … Whatever. Indeed, you have. share. This means use a comma after a participial phrase, an absolute phrase, an infinitive phrase, and a prepositional phrase. How can I improve undergraduate students' writing skills. It only takes a minute to sign up. Conversely, do not use a comma when the sentence starts with a strong clause followed by a weak clause. It has examples and an interactive exercise. I got an e-mail from a reader named Mike who had a question about the sentence “Soon I will go to the office,” which I had used as an example in a piece I wrote. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. It depends on how you want your readers to read your sentence. English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. A comma splice occurs when you use a comma with two independent clauses, without using a coordinating conjunction. For example: Yes, I've won. Comma After a Short Introductory Phrase . Comma in this case is somewhat optional. The sentence could read, "Well done!" Or, "I say! Also note that no comma is placed between the number and the other modifiers. Did something happen in 1987 that caused a lot of travel complaints? Can I run 300 ft of cat6 cable, with male connectors on each end, under house to other side? It’s almost always optional to put a comma before and in a list.. Comma Before And in Lists. However, we still have hope. Costas's biggest grievance over fake Twitter account, Florida scientist: Government is retaliating against me, History makes Black Americans wary of vaccine, British study offers new insights on coronavirus in schools, SpaceX Starship test flight ends in fiery explosion, University grapples with founder's link to slavery, Lakers great makes compelling case to fix health care system, Coach's backflip issue with Hill isn't what you think, Oscar winner on realizing she 'doesn't love acting', Trump faithful asked to buy boyhood home for him. It always depends on the structure of your complete sentences. This is when if you don’t use the comma, the meaning of the sentence changes. Do I need to put a comma after done in the sentence. Whether or not you put a comma before and depends on how you’re using and.There’s no single rule that applies to all situations. If you remove the part after work, the meaning of the sentence remains intact, albeit, without the extra info. A list of items can be punctuated like this: We need bread, milk, cheese, and eggs. About the Book Author What is a productive, efficient Scrum team? Do Jehovah Witnesses believe it is immoral to pay for blood transfusions through taxation? Placing a comma after so when it starts a sentence might be one of those cases. A lot of people have strong feelings about putting a comma before and in a list. Well done indeed, Sir. "So," suggests a substantial turning point in the discourse, for example between describing a situation and reacting to change it. Moreover, the managers agree. A little cryptic clue for you! Show activity on this post. You don’t have to include the comma with short prepositional phrases (three words or fewer). Appositives act as synonyms for a … Mos… You cannot use the punctuation rules of your native language when you write in English – you must use English rules. But if the phrase is longer than four words, use a comma. As a general rule, you should use a comma to introduce quoted material or dialogue. Why does arXiv have a multi-day lag between submission and publication? )This is not true.Commas serve a specific purpose; they exist to divide content by clause, to delineate list items from one another, and to indicate sentence continuation before and … Rule – When starting a sentence with a weak clause, use a comma after it. There are more usages of a comma, for example, how adding or removing comma before and after a name changes the meaning of the sentence — In this Grammar.com article let us understand how to correctly use commas with names. Consider the below examples of sentences containing properly placed and omitted commas: Short prepositional phrase: Rule #8: If You Use a Serial Comma, Use it Consistently. One Place When You CAN Use a Comma. Verbs after as well as come in –ing form. Running is healthy as well as making you feel good. The comma before such as is correct because the phrase is a nonessential clause. Comma in this case is somewhat optional. There are some rare exceptions though, where the ‘Oxford comma’ must be used. Do not use one after 'Dear' in a phrase like 'Dear John.' : "I say good show old chap!" I'm training to be a teacher at the moment, and looking over my own school books I can't see any teacher using the first example (Well done, James). Was Stan Lee in the second diner scene in the movie Superman 2? That’s because in most types of dialogue, the quoted material stands apart from the surrounding text. Wednesday, January 17, 1965. Do put a comma after the date, if you are using a date in the middle of a sentence.. We waited until October 27th, 2015, for the landlord to fix the roof. For example, take this sentence: Mike wanted to know “Shouldn't there be a comma after soon?” Sure. Furthermore,you know it’s true. Interjections are included in a sentence (usually at the start) to express a sentiment such as surprise, disgust, joy, excitement, or enthusiasm. I'd also do a little spell-checking (especially if you're going to be a teacher) before posting. When an introductory prepositional phrase is very short (less than four words), the comma is usually optional. (When you use just the month and the year, no comma is necessary after the month or year: "The average temperatures for July 1998 are the highest on record for that month.") (This might sound really strange to a non-native speaker, but the grammar books agree on this.) Examples: If you are not sure about this, let me know now. But if there’s any chance of confusion, use a comma. Avoid a comma splice. @Noah: How would you punctuate these words? Favorite Answer. While commas are normally either required or not required, there’s one key instance when you can choose whether or not to use a comma – and either option is equally correct. Use a comma to shift between the main discourse and a quotation. How much do you have to respect checklist order? It's very well done, indeed, boy. How can I improve after 10+ years of chess? We use commas while combining multiple phrases in one sentence or writing about different items in a list. Story about muscle-powered wooden ships on remote ocean planet. In this video, you'll learn how to use a comma before the two conjunctions 'so' and 'and.' 10. Different languages have different rules about how to use commas. Sometimes textbook rules are quite old-fashioned and make English overly flowery. If you use these words at the beginning of a sentence, put a comma after them. A comma before a name makes your meaning clear. If, for example, the word 'and' precedes a clause beginning 'although', you usually put a comma after it and, if it precedes a conditional clause, you normally insert a comma as well. If you want them to pause before indeed, then you need a comma, otherwise you don't. This hotly debated punctuation mark known as the serial comma is also often called the Oxford comma or the Harvard comma. Update the question so it can be answered with facts and citations by editing this post. Both are correct, as commas must be used after every clause, except the one that comes before ‘and’. Can you help me with this English question? Is a comma required before an interjected “well”? When should 'a' and 'an' be written in a list containing both? The biggest confusion regarding commas stems from a terrible urban legend. And then Dr. Wells delivers this zinger: ‘We do not put a comma before a predicate nominative after a condition verb.” (In all of God’s universe, I suggest that you can count on one hand (and have fingers left over) the number of folks who know (or care) that such a rule exists.) Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. Therefore, we will proceed with the order. Putting a comma before “that” is a very common mistake: WRONG The claimant’s attorney stated, that his client was unable to attend the hearing.… In sentence B, the first comma is correct, but the second well shouldn’t be separated from the rest of the sentence because it’s not an introductory word. That comma is optional. Let me know now if you are not sure about this. Do put a comma after the day of the year when writing out the year. What is causing these water heater pipes to rust/corrode? Should Trump receive the COVID-19 vaccine? Still have questions? Yes, you can. A traditional rule stated that howevermeaning ‘nevertheless’ should not be used at the beginning of a sentence. If you are including the day of the week, do separate that from the rest of the date with a comma as well. In this usage, the comma separates a series of words, phrases, or independent clauses. 1. Well is an introductory word that a comma should separate from the rest of the sentence. Want to improve this question? This is a page about commas with salutations in letters and emails. You do not need to follow it with a comma if this is the case: I hopefully did well on that test. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Obviously when saying"James, this is a good piece of ......" the comma is necessary, but somebody told be that it is also required when you you write Well done, James or Good work, James. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. That comma after three is no more necessary than it is in the sentence about the Dachshunds. rev 2020.12.8.38145, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language & Usage Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. Some modern writers are now dropping the comma, but I still like it because it indicates a pause. Here is the text of a deleted spam comment on this blog: What an interesting text. Using a Comma after an Interjection Commas can be used to offset interjections (e.g., "yes," "indeed," "absolutely"). Gluten-stag! In sentence A, there is no comma after well. January 17, 1965. When you address people directly in writing, whether in the greeting or in the body of your message, and you use a name, the name must be preceded by a comma. The same rules apply for titles. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/g_c... Is there a legitimate reason for why “funner” is not a real word whereas other words can get the “er” alteration like “faster” or “greener” ? I'm confused because none of my teachers have ever used the comma before writing my name-- so they've written "Well done James" without the comma. For example, “Jack would rather be fishing, he’s at work.” This is incorrect, as a coordinating conjunction wasn’t used. Why is stress defined in the way as it is? Good show, old chap!"? Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. I'm just wondering what the grammatical rule is regarding commas in this situation. Have Texas voters ever selected a Democrat for President? Once you know the rules you can make the correct decision. When to Use a Comma. When to Use Commas After Introductory Prepositional Phrases. Just wondering. Use a comma before or after quotes Example: My mom said, “Put some aloe on your sunburn.” If the attribution comes after the quote, then place the comma inside the quotation marks at … Though not necessarily mechanical, the use of commas in lists is well established. In some election stories, you might see this: Five candidates are vying for three, three-year seats on the council. When we put a verb after as well as, we use the -ing form of the verb. While “hopefully” used in this way most commonly comes at the beginning of a sentence, it might appear between the subject and the verb as well. He broke the window, as well as destroying the wall. This second meaning is a newer one. If you want them to pause before indeed, then you need a comma, otherwise you don't. What does it mean when a Person says If someone tries to ghost you respect the dead never disturb them again !. In grammatical terms, it’s “syntactically independent.” Here are two examples from the first book in the “Game of Thrones” series. Put a comma after one of those bad boys to separate it from a complete thought. There is some leeway with prepositional phrases. That urban legend is this: “If you want to know where a comma goes, just put it wherever you want a pause in your writing.” (And then say “comma” three times in front of a mirror, etc. Perhaps the following instance will illustrate this point. You can safely delete it if you want without losing the context. Let’s look at when you need to insert a comma or not with the word but. Get your answers by asking now. 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