Josephine Meeker (January 28, 1857 – December 20, 1882), was a teacher and physician at the White River Indian Agency in Colorado Territory, where her father Nathan Meeker was the United States (US) agent.On September 29, 1879, he and 10 of his male employees were killed in a Ute attack, in what became known as the Meeker Massacre.Josephine, her mother Arvilla Meeker, and Mrs. Shadruck … Here you can find some of the essential pieces of time that have impacted Meeker, and shaped it to the town it is today. Nathan Meeker and his eight male employees were killed during the fighting, and his wife and daughter were taken hostage. Nathan Meeker wanted to change how the Utes were living. White River Massacre. With the possible exception of the Ghost Dance outbreak of the Sioux in 1890, the massacre was probably the most violent expression of Indian resentment toward the reservation system. Visit the White River Museum website The Northern Ute Tribe of today. Sand Creek massacre On November 29, 1864, peaceful band of Southern Cheyenne and Arapahoe Native Americans are massacred by Colonel John Chivington’s Colorado volunteers at Sand Creek, Colorado. Rio Blanco County Historical Society "Between Fences" photography contest accepting entries now through December 20, 2010. In 1878, Meeker went to the Western Slope to teach the Ute Indians how to farm. The Meeker Incident, 1879 . The Indians did not like Meeker’s ideas, and they fought and killed Nathan Meeker and ten others in what is called “The Meeker Massacre ” on September 29, 1879. He did not want them to hunt any longer. Even before it's founding in 1885, the history of Meeker has been rich, and something everyone can be interested in. Share article to A reproduction of a sketch of soldiers surveying the damages after the fire and battle with the Ute Indians that broke out on September 29, 1879 at the White River Indian Agency. Nathan Meeker was the Indian Agent at the White River Agency. Nathan Meeker was the Indian Agent at White River. Over 10,000 years ago nomadic people inhabited this fertile valley sustaining themselves by chasing wild game and foraging for edible vegetation. The Utes in the Milk Creek battle did not have charges filed against them after the government determined they were engaged in a “fair fight.” Regarding the Meeker Massacre, no one alive actually saw who fired the shots that killed Meeker and the other men. The pageant was first presented in 1938 and has undergone considerable changes over the years as can be seen from this story, published in the July 4, 1968 edition of the Meeker Herald: Meeker is the location of the Meeker Massacre, the Battle of Milk Creek, the start of the Ute War, and the catalyst for the Colorado Ute Removal Act. The Ute uprising of 1879 began at this site, the location of the White River Agency and the scene of the Meeker Massacre. Below you can find information on the founding, Meeker massacre, the first businesses, churches, schools, what the government was like, and more. Meeker, Colorado. Meeker insists that his group, unlike Maxon’s, did not call for retribution against Leschi, “omitting any reference to the participation of the Indian Leschi in the massacre of women and children during the fall of 1855, for which he was not on trial, and in which the participants in the meeting did not believe he was guilty” (Meeker 1905). He wanted them to become like the Greeley Pioneers and be educated, church-going farmers. Rio Blanco County Historical Society . Editor’s note: A cornerstone of each year’s Range Call celebration is the re-enactment of the Meeker Massacre. The Smithsonian traveling exhibit "Between Fences" is here from December 11, 2010 until February 26, 2011. The Meeker Massacre occurred on federal land, therefore Colorado’s criminal statutes did not apply. The women were hiding in the milk house, and all the men were dead.